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Wed, 12/06/2024 - 14:00 to 15:00

Speaker:

Prof. Vincenzo Tamma

Affiliation:

University of Portsmouth

Synopsis:

Quantum interference is one of the most intriguing phenomena in quantum physics at the very heart of the development of quantum technology in the current quantum industry era. It underpins fundamental tests of the quantum mechanical nature of our universe as well as applications in quantum computing, quantum sensing and quantum communication.

I will focus on some of our recent results demonstrating the ultimate quantum sensitivity in the estimation of physical parameters by exploiting multiphoton interference with experimentally feasible sources, such as single photons and squeezed light, and circumventing any need of network adaptation and any limit on the parameter values to be estimated.

I will first introduce multiphoton sensing techniques saturating the quantum Cramér-Rao bound based on sampling measurements which resolve the inner degrees of freedom, such as time, frequency, position, and polarization, of single photons interfering at a beam splitter [1-3]. This includes: estimation of the transverse position of a given source for applications in super-resolved single-molecule localization microscopy with quantum dots, by circumventing the requirements in standard direct imaging of camera resolution at the diffraction limit, and of highly magnifying objectives [1]; multi-parameter estimation of the polarization state of two interfering photonic qubits for applications in quantum information networks [2]; imaging of nanostructures, including biological samples, and nanomaterial surfaces, with arbitrary values of thickness through estimation of photonic time delays [3].

I will also describe quantum interference techniques based on linear optical networks with squeezed light for the measurements with Heisenberg-scaling sensitivity of a single parameter [4] or multiple parameters [5]. Applications can range from environmental sensing to high-precision biomedical imaging, characterization of nanomaterials, navigation, gravity tests and quantum networks of high-precision clocks.

Finally, I will also describe how the metrological power of multiphoton quantum interference is intimately connected with an exponential speed-up in quantum optical networks, particularly in the development of scalable boson sampling experiments [6,7].

This research opens a new paradigm based on the interface between the physics of quantum interference, quantum sensing and quantum exponential speed-up with experimentally feasible “real world” photonic sources.

[1] D. Triggiani and V. Tamma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 180802 (2024)

[2] L. Maggio, D. Triggiani, P. Facchi, and V. Tamma, arXiv:2405.12870 (2024)

[3] D. Triggiani, G. Psaroudis, V. Tamma, Phys. Rev. Applied 19, 044068 (2023)

[4] D. Gatto, P. Facchi and V. Tamma, Phys. Rev. A 105, 012607 (2022); G. Gramegna et al. New J. of Physics 23, 053002 (2021); G. Gramegna et al. Phys. Rev. Research 3, 013152 (2021); D. Triggiani, P. Facchi, and V. Tamma, Phys. Rev. A 104, 062603 (2021); D. Gatto, P. Facchi and V. Tamma, Phys. Rev. Research 1, 032024 (2019)

[5] A. Rai, D. Triggiani, P. Facchi and V. Tamma, arXiv:2405.17115 (2024)

[6] V. Tamma and S. Laibacher, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 138, 335 (2023), V. Tamma and S. Laibacher, Phys. Rev. A 104, 032204 (2021); S. Laibacher and V. Tamma, Phys. Rev. A 98, 053829 (2018); V. Tamma and S. Laibacher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 243601 (2015); S. Laibacher and V. Tamma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 243605 (2015)

[7] X.-J. Wang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 080501 (2018); V. V. Orre, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 123603 (2019)